At Miner Institute, the research we do has important implications for the community as agriculture accounts for 17% of the land use in the Lake Champlain Basin. Our research has a societal benefit as we look at the intersection between agriculture and the environment, where water quality and health of the ecosystem meet agriculture production for commodities we all enjoy and consume. The research fields for my graduate research are planted with corn for silage, which is the most common source of forage for dairy cattle in the North East. The fields have poorly-drained soils, like much of the soils in the Lake Champlain Watershed, and require drainage improvements. Drainage improvements can be a combination of surface and subsurface improvements. My research focuses on two fields, one that is tile drained and another that is undrained. Tile drainage is a type of drainage that removes water from below the soil surface and can help maximize yields and improve field trafficability. The fields are monitored year-round for nutrient loading in surface and tile drainage. The nutrients, nitrogen, and phosphorus have important implications for water quality in the Lake Champlain Basin, so it is essential to monitor the fields. As the climate changes, we may have more intense rainfall events, and it is crucial to understand where that water is going and what nutrients are being transported.
Back in November, I presented a poster on my research at the tri-society meeting (American Society of Agronomy, the Crop Science Society of America, and the Soil Science Society of America) in San Antonio, TX. The conference attracted nearly 4000 attendees, including scientists, researchers, and students. My poster concentrated on phosphorus and nitrogen exports from the fields since the study began in March 2018, which is part of my thesis. The objective of the poster was to evaluate the impacts of tile drainage on-field hydrology and edge-of-field nutrient export from fields managed as corn for silage. I really enjoyed hearing presentations from researchers' work that I have read. Information ranged from forest soils to remote sensing, wetland information, cold weather implications, and tile drainage.
Student posters at the conference were judged on quality of presentation, originality of the work, and interpretation of the experimental results. In the Soil & Water Management & Conservation Division, my poster was among 20 other posters from students around the country. It earned a first place ranking for the division! Following the completion of my master's degree in late 2020, I hope to continue working in the environmental water quality field. I would love to have a job where I am working with society and the environment, ensuring a healthy and productive ecosystem.
-- Leanna Thalmann
On Saturday, Sept. 28 we packed up the Miner van with people, snacks, and a cow costume and headed south to Plattsburgh for the Fourth Annual ETS Charity Kickball Tournament. This marks the second year that Miner Institute has entered a team. Although it was a bit cloudy and at times pretty rainy, the overall consensus was that it was a lot of fun! The Miner Threat team -- Sarah Morrison, Laura Klaiber, Mark Haney, Adam LaCount, Dan Belrose, Jared Ashline, Lisa Klaiber, ShyAnne Koehler, Ashton Nelson, and Bruno Franco -- played four games in total, but ultimately the Plattco Hessian Soldiers outplayed us 1-0 in back-to-back games and went on to win the division. All of the proceeds raised --$3000 in 2019 -- go to charity. This year, $1000 was donated to the United Way of the Adirondack Region, $1000 was donated to the Elmore SPCA, and $1000 was donated to the Make a Wish Foundation. Each year, proceeds go to the United Way and then the winning teams get to choose a charity to donate remaining funds to. This year's tournament featured a competitive and a fun division. Plattco won the fun division and UPS won the competitive division.
Smiles were plentiful and everyone who participated had a great time. We are grateful that ETS had the vision and the aptitude to organize this tournament and allow us to help the community while building our team and honestly having a ton of fun! We are aiming our sights high for 2020 as we want to be crowned kickball champs and determine which deserving charity will get a financial boost!
The multitude of different projects, new skills practiced and corners that he’s maintained and/or renovated in the past 35 years around Miner Institute is part of what has kept things “fresh and interesting,” Steve Fessette said of his time at Miner.
After more than 38 years at Miner Institute – 21 of them as the director of physical plant – Steve is readying himself for retirement. He will wrap up his maintenance department tenure at the end of 2019. Mike Lemza will take over the helm. Mike was hired in January and has been learning the ropes and leading the maintenance team since the start of the year. Miner Institute is “a great place to be,” Mike said. Mike ran a pallet company in Keeseville for nearly 20 years before coming to Miner Institute. He purchased the company in 1996, expanded it in 2011, and then sold it in 2015. At one point, his business had 22 employees, he said.
The maintenance department at Miner Institute maintains around 35 buildings around the property including exterior, windows, mechanicals, painting, HVAC, heating systems, plumbing, electrical, etc. “That’s where our crew become the jack of all trades and master of none,” Steve joked referring to the diversity of skills and knowledge that keeps the Institute operating day in and day out.
The team consists of four maintenance staff members in addition to Steve and Mike – Dan Belrose, Mark Gonyo, Jared Ashline, and Adam LaCount – who work out of the maintenance shop, one of the original Heart’s Delight Farm buildings, though it was under construction at the time of William Miner’s death and not completed until the following year in 1931. Custodial staff members – Brian Bechard, David Boulerice, and Gary Morrison – round out the crew, but work primarily at the Burke Education and Research Center, or the “college” side of the Institute. Brian’s time at Miner Institute started just a few months ahead of Steve in 1981, though he spent a few years in the dairy barn before moving to the maintenance team. He just retired at the end of August.
Steve says that he is proud of how the maintenance team has developed an ownership mentality here. They all feel invested in Miner and its facilities. “You can really tell they care about this place,” Mike added. Each day starts with a morning briefing which promotes good communication. “Everyone knows where everyone’s working. Everyone knows what’s going on,” Steve said.
Steve is proud of how Miner Institute has evolved over the past 38 years. The staff size has grown, there are more facilities, more roads, and more maintenance needs. The one thing that hasn’t changed, though, is the size of the maintenance team. That really speaks to the skills of the team. “They are very efficient and get things done,” Steve said. Back in the 1980s, Steve recalled that the Institute had a “territorial sentiment.” Members of the maintenance staff had a designated region of the Institute where they worked and you didn’t cross into another person’s area. If you worked in the barn area at that time, you rarely ever went into the education building because it wasn’t your area. “We’ve opened doors and we’re crossing lines and it’s so much better.”
Gary has been working with Brian and will take over his role beginning in September. Brian said that he’s “been doing it for so many years, its automatic.” Brian really is like a well-oiled machine and is meticulous about most everything. He knows the ins and outs of not only the BERC building and the residential housing complex, but the acres of lawn and fields around the property. Brian said he isn’t sure what he will be doing in retirement, but with a relatively new RV and a new snowmobile on the way, he probably won’t have a hard time finding something to do.
Steve plans to travel and spend more time with his family, especially his granddaughter after he retires. He said that he will miss being part of the “ever-changing institute.” The Miner team is a good one, and the maintenance team in particular will be missed, he said. “Every day is something new with projects and people always changing.”
Together, Mike and Steve are overseeing the dairy barn expansion and the installation of a new manure lagoon prior to Steve’s departure. Steve will maintain his involvement in the Miner legacy by continuing to do maintenance at the Alice T Miner Museum as well as the Miner chapel and mausoleum in Riverview Cemetery. Steve also serves on the board of the Alice T. Miner Museum.
Each year, more than 3,200 agricultural fairs are held around the country. The Clinton County Fair has been offering summer fun and a glimpse of agriculture for local residents for more than seven decades. The 71st annual Clinton County Fair recently wrapped up and Miner Institute was well represented.
In the open show dairy barn, Miner Institute had four milking cows and five young animals. We also had two young heifers in the 4H barn that were shown by Alexis Seymour. Students train their animals and break them in to a halter; then clip, wash and care for their animals at the fair.
Eight Miner Morgans made their way to the Morrisonville fairgrounds. They showed in the Morgan In-Hand class and a yearling and two-year-old halter class. They were on the fairgrounds for four days for visitors to see and learn about the Morgan breed. An extra stall was set up with a great display of the equine program at Miner Institute and even included a photo booth! The students did a great job keeping the space clean and the horses cool and comfortable.
Additionally, a handful of Miner Institute employees take vacation time during fair week so that they can represent their own family farms and/or cheer on their children who show at the fair. There also is a "friendly" annual burger competition. This year entries included burgers with meat from the Emerichs, Gauthiers, Castines, and pork from the Dann/Perkins family. The judges were three Clinton County sheriff deputies.
Dorado Jerseys and Angus – The Emerich family
Wanda Emerich has been showing at the fair since 1983. She brought five Jersey cows from her family’s Dorado Jerseys and Angus farm to the Clinton County Fair and they competed in the Open Dairy Show. The Emerich’s animals are located adjacent to Miner Institute’s animals. Back on the farm in Mooers, Wanda and her husband, Jerry and daughter, Katarina, have Black Angus, an assortment of chickens, cats, African geese, and a dog. Wanda said that she really enjoys interacting with the numerous families who have also been showing at the fair over the years. “We have watched each other’s kids grow up and tell stories about show cows and heifers over time. People work together to prepare the animals for the show, then compete together in the ring and celebrate with each other after the show has ended.”
Mineral Spring Farm – The Gauthier family
Heather Gauthier’s farm in Mooers has Black Angus, White Park and crossbred beef cattle, and Alpine, Nubian and crossbred dairy goats. They brought one summer yearling Angus heifer; two 3-yr lactating does; one 2-yr lactating doe; and three four-month-old doe kids to the fair this year. Heather’s children, Eli and Aubrey also leased two 10-week-old meat goat kids from another 4H leader. Eli and Aubrey Gauthier are members of the 4H Milk Dipper club. Eli showed in the 4H dairy goat show, the 4H/Open meat goat show, the 4H/Open beef show, and assisted Ava Castine in the FFA beef show. Aubrey showed in 4H dairy goat show, 4H/Open meat goat show, 4H/Open beef show, and assisted Lincoln Perkins in the 4H pig show, and assisted another club member in the open dairy show. Mineral Spring Farm’s two-year-old lactating doe was awarded best in breed in the dairy goat show. “The fair was mostly a sweaty whirlwind, but we are part of a great group of kids and parents in the club that we are with as well as the whole crew in the 4H barn,” Heather said. “We became sort of a pit crew for almost every livestock show division… prep the animal, dress the kids, shine them all up and go! I think overall we all had a great time and the smiles on the kids’ faces tell it all! All the stress and prep and planning is worth it when now, two weeks later the kids are complaining wishing it was still fair week and making plans for what to show next year!”
Castiron Acres – The Castine family
Shaun Castine took a week of vacation from milking cows in Miner Institute’s barn to show his beef cows at the fair. Eleven of Castiron Acres purebred Hereford animals were shown as part of the 4H and FFA shows. Shaun prefers to let his daughter, Ava, 11, do the showing, but says if he has to, he’ll get in the show ring too. Ava really enjoys it, and has “really been working hard,” Shaun said. Shaun’s wife, Emily, is the 4H leader for the Milk Dippers club. Ava earned master showman for the 4H show and reserve master showman for the FFA show, Shaun said. One of their heifers earned reserve champion status and a yearling earned a champion status. Shaun said that his family looks forward to the fair every year and plan to also show at the Malone fair and at a show in Westport. He hopes to eventually take some Castiron Acres animals to the New York State Fair in Syracuse.
Jem Farm, Tangled Reins 4H Club – Dan and Georgia Belrose
Dan Belrose’s daughter, Georgia, has been showing at the Clinton County Fair for four years as part of the Tangled Reins 4H Club, showing horses from Larry and Donna Sorrell’s Jem Farm in Champlain. Dan says that Georgia absolutely loves it. Dan’s role during fair week, in addition to cheering on Georgia, is to wipe down saddles and equipment, muck stalls, spray the horses with fly spray, and act as a personal assistant to Georgia, making sure that she has everything she needs and gets where she needs to be at the right time. “It makes for a long week,” Dan said. “But the kids love it.” Georgia shows a horse and a pony this year and participated in the 4H show on Wednesday and Thursday and then in the open show on Friday and Saturday. She will be representing Clinton County in the 4H show at the NY State Fair in Syracuse for the third year in 2019.
Brightside Farm – Heather Dann and Lincoln Perkins
Heather Dann and her son, Lincoln Perkins, brought three pigs to the fair – Mr. Squealer, Susan, and Apey. They seemed to be the only pigs at this year’s fair. Lincoln showed Susan, who won as champion market hog. Aubrey Gauthier showed Mr. Squealer. The pigs all enjoyed the attention given to them at the fair and liked being pet by visitors. Susan, Mr. Squealer, and Apey entertained fair visitors by playing with a blue Jolly ball and a red Kong Frisbee. Heather said she was surprised by how much attention her pigs got. People enjoyed watching and interacting with the pigs, even stopping to take selfies and videos with the pigs. In addition, Lincoln showed a meat goat kid leased from Valerie Bertholf in West Chazy; and a dairy goat kid leased from Heather Gauthier. Heather said that Lincoln enjoyed showing and cuddling with the goats.
An expansion of the dairy barn to better accommodate our research program is underway! The research side of the barn will be more than doubled as an additional 40,000 square feet will be added to the south side of the barn. The addition is 291 feet long. The job has been awarded to Fuller Excavating, who will hopefully begin construction in August.
Site prep has been ongoing for several months, beginning with tree removal in early spring. Nearly 8000 cubic yards of gravel was pulled from the hill across from the Miner powerhouse on Ridge Road and used for base material at the construction site. It is estimated that this saved more than $30,000 since we did not need to purchase and haul from another quarry.
The 2019 group of summer experience students have arrived and settled into a rhythm here at Miner. They just wrapped up three days of Farm Days for Fifth Graders where they helped to teach several hundred regional fifth graders and lots of teachers and chaperones about agriculture. It is a memorable, character-building experience for our interns and is undoubtedly memorable and educational for all the fifth graders!
Joining us for the 2019 summer semester are: Emily Hiller in the farm management program. Emily is from Apalachin, NY and is a student at SUNY Cobleskill. Jessica Carnal is in the ag research program. Jessica is from Lansdale, PA and is a student at Delaware Valley University. Danielle Stephens is in the equine management program. Danielle is from Huntsville, AL and is a student at Auburn University. Isabel Wohlstadter is in the equine management program. Isabel is from Macomb, IL and is a student at Truman State University. Alex Benoit is in the ag research program. She is from Berkshire, VT and is a student at Cornell University. Aimee Ding is in the farm management program. Aimee is from Woodmere, NY and is a student at Stonybrook University. Emily Davie is in the equine management program. Emily is from Bellingham, WA and is a student at Washington State University. Angelica Torres Rodrigues is in the equine management program. Angelica is from Orocovis, Puerto Rico and is a student at Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico.Kayla Johnston is in the ag research program. Kayla is from Point Pleasant, NJ and is a student at the University of Connecticut. Sarah Baldwin is in the ag research program. Sarah is from Cobleskill, NY and attends SUNY Cobleskill.
The 7th Annual Strides for James event kicked off at Miner Institute on May 11, 2019. This year marked the sixth year the event was hosted at the Institute and we had around 200 total runners, along with several dozen volunteers to carry out the event.
Strides for James is a 5K/10K race and 1 mile children's fun run/walk that is held annually in honor of James Dean Wilson, who was killed in a motorcycle accident in 2012. All profits from the event support the James Wilson memorial scholarship at Clinton Community College.
At this year's event, five scholarships were handed out to local students who either are already attending or who plan to attend Clinton Community College. Each of the recipients stood with Clinton Community College Vice President for Institutional Advancement Steve Frederick in front of the newly donated/completed mobile classroom of the college's Institute for Advanced Manufacturing. James Wilson truly would have been wowed as he was a student in the college's architectural drafting program.
The interaction with the community and the ability to help carry out this great event for the past six years truly is a privilege and an honor for Miner Institute. This event absolutely would not be possible without the support of staff, management team and the board of trustees. Extra kudos goes to the numerous staff who volunteered to help in some way and to those who participated in the race. It was a great day and we look forward to the 8th Annual Strides for James in 2020!
April 13, 2019 marked the annual Day of Caring -- a day of community service organized and championed by the United Way of the Adirondack Region. This year, 714 volunteers worked on 61 projects across Clinton, Franklin, and Essex Counties.
Miner Institute teamed up with The Alice T. Miner Museum to coordinate, along with United Way, a group of volunteers including 8 folks from Johns Manville in Plattsburgh to clean up the Riverview Cemetery in Chazy. Volunteers enjoyed temperatures in the 60s, sunny skies, and delicious raspberry filled cookies, courtesy of the Miner Institute cafeteria!
Land for Riverview Cemetery was donated in 1811 by Dr. Nathan Carver. The older section of the cemetery includes stones that date back nearly 200 years. In 1926, William Miner built a chapel and then a mausoleum in 1927. The mausoleum is the final resting place for William and Alice Miner, their infant son William Jr., and Alice's three sisters. The Miner Foundation owns and maintains the chapel and mausoleum.
When Alexandra Banks arrived at Miner Institute in May 2018 to participate in the Summer Experience in Farm Management program, she planned to ultimately go to vet school. Now, though, she is a few months into her year-long dairy internship and says she has realized how much she likes working with calves. “I’ve found that I really enjoy working with calves, so much so that it’s caused me to change my mind about what I want to do after leaving here,” Alexandra said. “I was originally thinking I’d like to go to vet school, but after being here and working with cows on a daily basis, I think I want to stay working on a farm, specifically with calves/heifers and potentially become a calf manager or heifer herdsman.”
Alexandra studied animal science at the University of Maine and graduated just before arriving at Miner for the Summer Experience program. She is the 2019 Stephen S. Flanagan, Frances B. Flanagan, and Stephen F. Flanagan Scholarship recipient at Miner Institute. The scholarship fund was established in 2016 after a $1.3 million donation to Miner Institute from the late Stephen Flanagan of Plattsburgh. The scholarship was named after Mr. Flanagan and his parents. The scholarship funds up to two students annually who are pursuing careers in dairy science.
Alexandra said that she really enjoys being at Miner and has “learned a lot and is enjoying the work and the people here.” She said that over the past few months, she has “decided my new dream job is to work with calves.”
For the third year in a row, we packed the auditorium of the Joseph C. Burke Education and Research Center with around 140 people and local comedy group Completely Stranded had the crowd approaching tears with their laughs. Most importantly, though, we raised $1,028 for the United Way of the Adirondack Region. This event has truly become one of our favorite events of the year, bringing the community out to enjoy comedy and support the dozens of great agencies that the United Way partners with. Combined with the $3,116 in employee contributions and money raised at the auction held at our Christmas party, Miner Institute's total 2019 contribution is $4,144. We are also planning to take part in this year's United Way Day of Caring on April 13 with some cleanup at the Riverside Cemetery in Chazy in a collaboration with The Alice T. Miner Museum.